The most risky and highly popular type of cyber attacks is the spear phishing attack. How is spear phishing different from the regular phishing? Let’s discuss some terms first.
Phishing is the act of sending emails that falsely claim to be from a legitimate organization. This is usually combined with a threat or request for information: for example, that an account will close, a balance is due or information is missing from an account. The email will ask the recipient to supply confidential information, such as bank account details, PINs or passwords; these details are then used by the originators of the phishing email to conduct fraud.
Phishing is an all encompassing word for all forms of online attack in an attempt to get victims to share sensitive information about themselves. The perpetrators usually disguise themselves as trustworthy entities and then make contact with their target through email, phone calls (also called vishing for voice phishing), social media and even text messages (also called smishing for SMS-phishing).
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