According to the Lupus Foundation of America, approximately 5 million people globally are affected by lupus and about 16,000 new cases are reported annually. Lupus occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the tissues and organs, which can affect various body systems. Diagnosis is determined through a multifaceted approach with the combination of blood and urine tests, signs and symptoms, and physical examination. Symptoms generally include fatigue, fever, joint pain, photosensitivity, and a butterfly-shaped rash. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the most common form of the four types of lupus.
According to a study published in Arthritis Research & Therapy, transitional care improved self-care and quality of life in SLE patients and reduced hospital readmissions. Pharmacists can play an important role in managing chronic medications for patients with SLE.
Few AIM-listed drug development companies have late-stage clinical assets in the pipeline, ImmuPharma plc (LON:IMM) is an exception. The Company’s lead compound, Lupuzor™, a potential treatment for Lupus, has completed Phase 3 trial of dosing patients across the US, Europe and Mauritius with top line results announced.