Graphite is a mineral composed of stacked sheets of carbon atoms with a hexagonal crystal structure. It is the most stable form of pure carbon under standard conditions. Graphite is very soft, has a low specific gravity, is relatively non-reactive, and has high electrical and thermal conductivity.
Graphite occurs naturally in igneous and metamorphic rocks, where high temperatures and pressures compress carbon into graphite. Graphite can also be created synthetically by heating materials with high carbon content (e.g. petroleum coke or coal-tar pitch). The carbon-rich material is heated to 2500 to 3000 degrees Celsius, which is hot enough to “purify” the material of contaminants, allowing the carbon to form its hexagonal sheets.
Blencowe Resources Plc (LON:BRES) is a United Kingdom-based mineral exploration and development company. The Company is focused on exploration and development of the Orom Graphite Project in the Republic of Uganda.