Graphene was isolated for the first time in 2004 and is a two dimensional (2D) allotrope of carbon. It was isolated at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom (U.K.). Graphene has very unique properties, such as light weight, high strength, and is also a good conductor of heat and electricity. Such versatile features of graphene have led scientists to explore possibilities of its application in numerous fields. Since the moment of its discovery, graphene is being researched upon for developing advanced electronic devices and their components, having better features and efficiency.
Graphene can be expected to be used in conjunction with other materials, such as tantalum (IV) sulfide, carbon nanotubes and boron nitride among others, or solely to develop advanced electronic devices. Graphene field effect transistors (GFETs), graphene based biosensors and graphene based batteries and ultracapacitors has shown promising results during testing and has also been seen growing applications.
The market for graphene wafers is a very niche market, as of 2015. However, growing interest in graphene based electronics has been fuelling the demand for graphene wafers across North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific. The versatile nature of graphene has led to increase in various academic, sponsored and industrial researches, and is the primary driver for this market.